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Europa Games and Military History

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The Europa Magazine 20

The Europa Magazine #20 - Cover

The Europa Magazine #20 – Cover

Published July/August 1991

Content:

  • “GR/D Briefing” (Commentary) Winston Hamilton
  • “Convention Report: One gamer’s Impression of Origins and Europafest III” (Commentary) Mark Pitcavage
  • “Czech ’38 Playtest Report” (Game Replay) Jason Long
  • “Situation Report” (Editorial) Rick Gayler
  • “It’s How you play the Game: Spanish Torch Battle Report” (Game Replay) Ben Knight (Torch/Spain, Europa Play Aids Kit 5)
  • “More Italian Divisional Histories” (Historical) Michael K. Parker
  • “Supermarina II: The Beta Playtest of Naval Warfare in the Med” (Variant) Tom Johnson and Joe Hayes (Western Desert/Torch/Balkan Front)
  • “Computer Europa: The Excitement of Face-to-Face with Electronic Warfare” (Discussion) Roy Lane
  • “Who Gets Memel?: An Europa Historian Ponders the Future of Europe” (Historical) Peter Robbins
  • “Rules Court: Question and Aswers to Europa Games” (Discussion) (Scorched Earth/Balkan Front)
  • “EXchange” (Commentary) Readership
  • “Allied Combined Chart” (Play Aid) (Narvik)

The Europa Magazine 19

The Europa Magazine #19 - Cover

The Europa Magazine #19 – Cover

Published MAY-JUN 1991

Content:

  • “GR/D Briefing” (Commentary) Winston Hamilton
  • “Situation Report: From the Contributing Editor” (Commentary) Mark Pitcavage
  • “This Issue’s Tricks” (Strategy) Rick Gayler (Scorched Earth)
  • “Inside Europa: Rails Through the Russias” (Variant Discussion) John Astell (Fire in the East/Scorched Earth/The Urals)
  • “Facts behind the Counters (NATO Symbology) – Continued” (Historical) Shelby Stanton
  • “It’s how you play the Game: Olive Picking – A Greek Setup to Upset the Italians” (Strategy) Ben Knight (Balkan Front)
  • “Gaming by Phone” (Commentary) Peter Robbins
  •  “The Flames of Baku: An Europa Air Scenario” (Variant Discussion) Frank Watson (The Near East/Scorched Earth/Fire in the East/The Fall of France/Balkan Front)
  • “The Caucasus Raids: Anglo-French Plans Against the Soviet Oil Fields” (Historical) Frank Watson
  • “A Fix for Arkhangelsk” (Variant Discussion) Harold Andrews (Fire in the East/Scorched Earth/The Urals)
  • “Italian Divisional Histories” (Historical) Michael K. Parker
  •  “Rules Court” (Discussion) Rick Gayler (War in the Desert, Scorched Earth)
  • “Foreign EXchange” (Commentary) Readership
  • “EXchange” (Commentary) Readership

The Europa Magazine 18

The Europa Magazine #18 - Cover

The Europa Magazine #18 – Cover

Published MAR-APR 1991

Contents:

  • “GR/D Briefing” (Commentary) Winston Hamilton
  • “Situation Report: From the Editor” (Editorial) Rick Gayler
  • “Inside Europa: Grand Europa Material for Balkan Front” (Variant Discussion) John Astell (Balkan Front)
  • “Facts behind the Counters (NATO Symbology)” (Historical) Shelby Stanton
  • “It’s how you play the Game: Tunisian Thunder” (Strategy) Jean-Guy Rathe (Torch)
  • “Europa Online: Looking Ahead to Grand Europa” (Discussion) Roy Lane
  • “In the Center of it All” (Strategy) Carleton T. Lum, III (Scorched Earth)
  • Grand Europa Combat and Terrain Effects Chart” (Variant Discussion) Victor Hauser (Grand Europa)
  • “Up Front with Task Force Johnson: Inside the Task Force at Origins ’90” (Variant Discussion) Graham Stephens
  • “The Iraqi Petroleum Company: Pipelines Through the Near East” (Historical) Frank Watson (The Near East)
  • “Plan Y?: Because We Like It” (Strategy) Mark Pitcavage (Balkan Front)
  • “Magerrata” (Discussion) GR/D Staff
  • “Rules Court” (Discussion) Rick Gayler (Scorched Earth)
  • “EXchange” (Commentary) Readership

The Europa Magazine 17

The Europa Magazine #17 - Cover

The Europa Magazine #17 – Cover

Published JAN-FEB 1991

Contents;

  • “GR/D Briefing” (Commentary) Winston Hamilton
  • “Inside Europa: More New Rules for Use with Balkan Front” (Variant Discussion) John Astell (Balkan Front)
  • “Facts behind the Counters: An Introduction to the Origin of Europa Symbology” (Historical) Shelby Stanton
  • Supermarina: Naval Operations in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations” (Variant) Winston Hamilton (Torch/Western Desert/Balkan Front/The Fall of France/Spain and Portugal)
  • “War in the East: The final Chapter – German Tactics in 1941” (Strategy) Roy Lane (Fire in the East)
  • “EXchange” (Commentary) Readership
  • “Rules Court” (Discussion) Rick Gayler (Scorched Earth)

The Europa Magazine 16

The Europa Magazine #16 - Cover (real look)

The Europa Magazine #16 – Cover (real look)

Published Nov-Dec 1990

Content:

  • “GR/D Briefing: How Do You Make a Wargame?” (Commentary) Winston Hamilton
  • “Situation Report: From The Editor” (Editorial) Rick Gayler
  • “Facts behind the counters: Gottscheer Hochland” (Historical) Shelby Stanton (Balkan Front)
  • “It’s how you play the game: Western Desert Campaign Report – Testing the New Desert Options” (Series Replay) Ben Knight (Western Desert)
  • “Balkan Front: Terrain Effects Chart” (Insert) (Balkan Front)
  • “Marita-Merkur and Balkan Front : Map Comparison” (Insert) (Marita-Merkur/Balkan Front)
  • “(Balkan Front): Combat Results Table” (Insert) (Balkan Front)
  • “Designer’s Notes: Balkan Front Designer’s Notes” (Designer Notes) John Astell (Balkan Front)
  • “Inside Europa: Balkan Chronology 1939-41” (Historical) John Astell
  • “Balkan Front: Play Notes” (Series Replay) Rick Gayler (Balkan Front)
  • “Answerts to the unit symbol test” (Contest)
  • “A Lexicon of Europa abbreviations: An Accumulation of Europa Acronyms” (Discussion) Tom Johnson
  • “Narvik – A commentary: Errata, Addenda, and Rambling Commentary” (Errata/Commentary) Kevin Boylan (Narvik)
  • “EXchange” (Commentary) Readership
  • “Axis and Allied Victory Point Scorecards” (Insert) (Balkan Front)

The Europa Magazine 15

The Europa Magazine #15 - Cover

The Europa Magazine #15 – Cover

Published SEP-OCT 1990

Content:

  • “GR/D Briefing” (Commentary) Winston Hamilton
  • “Situation Report: From the Editor” (Editorial) Rick Gayler
  •  “German play in 1941 Part II: Army Group North and the Leningrad Campaign” (Strategy) Roy Lane (Fire in the East)
  • “Facts behind the Counters: Into the Balkans with Division Nr. 188” (Historical) Shelby Stanton (Balkan Front)
  • “Computer Europa” (Discussion) Roy Lane
  • “Europafest II Report” (Commentary) Deen Wood
  • “German Interwar economic policies in the East” (Historical) Deen Wood
  • “The Hungarian First Division” (Historical) Michael K. Parker
  • “Making Tracks on the Blue: A Secondary Road System for Western Desert” (Variant Discussion) Frank Watson (Western Desert)
  • “Enter Rommel: Designer’s Notes” (Designer Notes) Frank Watson (Western Desert)
  • “Enter Rommel” (Scenarios) Frank Watson (Western Desert)
  • “Just Deserts: Strategy in Western Desert” (Strategy) Mark Pitcavage (Western Desert)
  • “The First Romanian Infantry Division” (Historical) Michael K. Parker
  • “More missing Europa units: The Royal Marines” (Historical) David Hughes
  • “Air return: A Proposal” (Variant Discussion) Victor Hauser
  • “Swiss fortifications” (Historical) Randy Moffat (The Fall of France)
  • “Rules Court” (Discussion) Rick Gayler (Scorched Earth)
  • “EXchange” (Commentary) Readership

The Europa Magazine 14

The Europa Magazine #14 - Cover

The Europa Magazine #14 – Cover

Published JUL-AUG 1990

Content:

  • “GR/D Briefing” (Commentary) Winston Hamilton
  • “Situation Report: From the Editor” (Editorial) Rick Gayler
  • “Inside Europa” (Designer Notes) John Astell (Second Front)
  • “German Play in 1941: Part One” (Strategy) Roy Lane (Fire in the East)
  • “A Hitchhikers Guide to the Urals: Or How to Spell “Magnitogorsk”” (Commentary) Mark Pitcavage (The Urals)
  • “Updating the new desert options” (Variant Discussion) Ben Knight & John Astell (Western Desert)
  • “The Europa Almanac: Commentary, Corrections, and Addenda” (Commentary) Jim Burnett & Fred Helfferich
  • “The Europa Almanac: Country Index” (Commentary) John Astell
  • “Franco’s armed forces in the Spanish Civil War” (Historical) John Gee
  • “Ice, Snow, and General Mannerheim” (Scenarios) Peter Robbins (Fire in the East)
  • “Rules Court” (Discussion) Rick Gayler (Torch, Scorched Earth)
  • “EXchange” (Commentary) Readership

The Europa Magazine 13

The Europa Magazine #13 - Cover

The Europa Magazine #13 – Cover

Published MAY-JUN 1990

Content:

  • “GR/D Briefing” (Commentary) Winston Hamilton
  • “Situation report” (Editorial) Rick Gayler
  • “Hints on play: A Duel In The Desert” (Strategy) Peter Robbins (Western Desert)
  • “Facts behind the counters (German Designations Part II)” (Historical) Shelby Stanton
  • “Midnight at the Oasis” (Variant Discussion) Frank Watson (Western Desert)
  •  “Showdown in the Balkans: Marita-Merkur Strategy” (Strategy) Mark Pitcavage (Marita-Merkur)
  • “The Greek Airforce at War” (Historical) Jason Long
  •  “Kasserine Crisis” (Scenarios) Deen Wood & Michael Parker (Torch)
  •  “Scorched Earth play balance” (Discussion) Readership (Scorched Earth)
  • “Touring the Europa seashore (Finland)” (Historical) A. E. Goodwin
  • “Still marching…! (More March Rates in Europa)” (Historical) Duane Romfoe
  • “Unanswered qwuestions of World War II: The Stalin Peace Initiative of 1941” (Historical) Louis Rotundo
  • “Rules Court” (Discussion) Rick Gayler  (Marita-MerkurWar in the Desert)
  • “EXchange” (Commentary) Readership
  • “Europafest II Progress report #3” (Commentary) Mark Swenholt

The Europa Magazine 12

The Europa Magazine #12 - Cover

The Europa Magazine #12 – Cover

Published MAR-APR 1990

Content:

  • “GR/D Briefing” (Commentary) Winston Hamilton
  • “Situation Report” (Editorial) Rick Gayler
  • “It’s how you play the game: Constructive Engineer Operations (Hints on How to Play Europa)” (Strategy) Tom Johnson (Scorched Earth)
  • “Computer assisted Europa” (Discussion) Mark van Roekel
  • “Inside Europa” (Designer Notes) John Astell (Second Front)
  • “Facts behind the Counters (German Designations)” (Historical) Shelby Stanton
  • “Soviet Guards – Part II” (Historical) John Astell (Scorched Earth)
  • “Hexagon War: Strategy and the Europa System” (Strategy) Mark Pitcavage
  • “Touring the Europa seashore with occasional excursions further afield (Sweden)” (Historical) A. E. Goodwin
  • “The SPanish Army at the end of the monarchy” (Historical) John Gee
  • “EXchange” (Commentary) Readership
  • “Rules court” (Discussion) Rick Gayler (Scorched Earth)
  • “Europafest II” (Commentary) Mark Swenholt

The Europa Magazine 11

The Europa Magazine #11 - Cover

The Europa Magazine #11 – Cover

Published January/February 1990

Contents:

  • “NEWS FROM GRD” (Commentary) Winston Hamilton
  • “INSIDE EUROPA” (Discussion) John Astell
  • “FROM THE EDITOR” (Editorial) Rick Gayler
  • “The Second Australian Imperial Force” (Historical) Stuart Lee
  • “Yougoslav Royal Air Force” (Historical) Jason Long
  • “First Impression: Second Front” (Commentary) Rick Gayler (Second Front)
  • “Touring the Europa Seashore with Occasional Excursions Further Afield (Norway)” (Historical) A.E. Goodwin
  • For Whom the Bell Tolls: Design Update” (Designer Notes) Jeff Millefoglie (For Whom the Bell Tolls)
  • “Computer Assisted Europa” (Commentary) Mark van Rokel
  • “RULES COURT” (Discussion) Rick Gayler
  • “EXchange” (Commentary) Readership
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