The War Academy provides the historical background knowledge  to the time period covered by the Europa-Series and its compagnions, the Glory- and Great-War-Series. This means we’ll concentrate on articles and essays covering modern military history from 1905 to 1955.

Additionally, we´ll provide you with inofficial Europa material such as alternative OBs, scenarios or research into unit ratings that has not been incorporated into official Europa games.

Historical Essays

The following essays illustrate actors, battles and events from the time period which the Europa games deal with. While there is no overarching editorial guideline, we nevertheless believe these essays can contribute to a better understanding of some aspects of one of the most violent phases in human history.

Anglo-Greek Relations and British Strategy in the Aegean

Essay by , 2015

This article is a look at the British and Greek relationship before, during and after WW2, and to provide some historical context for the hypothetical Greece 44 scenario presented as a companion piece. . {read more]

Alexander Alexandrovich Novikov

Alexander Alexandrovich Novikov

Essay by Alan Tibbetts, 2000

Alexander Alexandrovich Novikov, born of humble origins in 1900, rose to command the Soviet Air Forces through most of the Great Patriotic War. His excellence in command of the Red Air Force, encompassing the period of rebuilding through final victory, earned the awards and acclaim afforded him. As head of the Air Force, Novikov worked with many of the senior Soviet commanders. [read more]

2nd Battalion, 442nd RCT-1944-11-13

The Nisei – Japanese Americans who participated as US soldiers during the Second World War

Essay by Glen Davis, 2000

Members of the 100th and the 442nd “Nisei” regiments are some of the most decorated soldiers of World War II, and for good reason. Both of these units fought some of the bloodiest battles of the war and have the Purple Hearts to show for it. Often invited to take the most difficult ground at tremendous cost, the men of these units had a price to pay and they should rightfully have their story told. {read more]

German paratroopers dropping over Holland

Parachuting the Netherlands – Comparing German and Allied Air Drops in Holland, 1940 and 1944

Essay by Alan Tibbetts, 1999

This paper illustrates the use of airborne forces as part of combined arms operations. We will explore as examples the German attack on the Netherlands in 1940, and the Operation Market-Garden, conducted by the Allies in 1944. In both battles airborne forces were integral to an overall combined arms operational plan. {read more]

The Schlieffen Plan

How close did Germany come to executing the Schlieffen Plan successfully in August September 1914?

Essay by Wolfram Broszies, 1994

The German General Staff had been busy for years drafting plans how to solve the problem of a two-front war against Russia and France. The result was the Schlieffen Plan, an operation to encircle no less than the whole of the French Army by a swift thrust through Belgium. {read more]

Europa Orders of Battle Research

Here we present research results by game designers, historians, and individual members of the Europa community. these OBs are not endorsed or owned by HMS/GRD and thus are not official in any way or form, but for entertainment purposes only.

Revised Soviet Order of Battle for "A Winter War"

by Eric Pierce, 2016

Here is a new take at the Soviet Order of Battle for "A Winter War", based on the vast amount of research and sources that has come out of Russia in the past twenty years since the games publication. [read more]

The Italian Army in World War II

Roger Clewley has written a series of articles based on sources captured by the English Army after El Alamein. They provide a look into the history of individual units participating in War in the Desert and recommend certain changes in the Order of Battles.

Italian Artillery Units in “War in the Desert”
The 64th Catanzaro Truckborne Infantry Division
The Artillery of the “Celere Divisions”
The Lybian Armored Division “Brigata Corazzata Speciale
Additionals Lybian Divisions for “War in the Desert”
The “Corpo Spedizione” in Russia

L3/33 Carro Veloce 33

The Europa-Howtos

The Europa-Howtos are a loose series of articles concerned with the conduct of Europa, either play tactics or the implementation of house-rules.

How to connect WitD and SF

Invading Denmark

The Military Database Project

Here work is in progress for the Common Military Database (AMD). Its foundations come from two projects I work upon for some time now, first a collection of TO/E’s which I assembled several years ago and which spawned the Kriegsgliederungen” (see below), and on the other hand a sql-based database I developed to re-work Dupuys mathematical combat model (QJMA). To unite both into a easy-to-use, web-based database on military history is my aim.